The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African-American abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his own freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher. The papers span the years to , with the bulk of the material from to The Speech, Article, and Book File series contains the writings of Douglass and his contemporaries in the abolitionist and early women's rights movements.
The Subject File series reveals Douglass's interest in diverse subjects such as politics, emancipation, racial prejudice, women's suffrage, and prison reform. Scrapbooks document Douglass's role as minister to Haiti and the controversy surrounding his interracial second marriage.
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Free at Last? Du Bois characterized it, through a descent into hell The Pittsburgh and broader Pennsylvania variety of slavery may not have been as punishing as the Southern version. Nonetheless, it was slavery, in turn accompanied by and followed by discrimination and segregation so seemingly intractable that their vestiges survive today.
The Freedmen's Bureau. This database currently includes about documents in two categories. Throughout the year history of slavery in North America, enslaved people tried to escape. Such ads provide significant quantities of individual and collective information about the economic, demographic, social, and cultural history of slavery, but they have never been systematically collected.
We are designing and beginning data collection for a database that will compile all North American slave runaway ads and make them available for statistical, geographical, textual, and other forms of analysis. Some elements of data collection will be crowdsourced, engendering a public sense of co-participation in the process of recording history, and producing a living pedagogical tool for instructors at all levels, in multiple disciplines. Presents pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, published from through , by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics.
The materials range from personal accounts and public orations to organizational reports and legislative speeches. The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. The Geography of Slavery in Virginia is a digital collection of advertisements for runaway and captured slaves and servants in 18th- and 19th-century Virginia newspapers.
Building on the rich descriptions of individual slaves and servants in the ads, the project offers a personal, geographical and documentary context for the study of slavery in Virginia, from colonial times to the Civil War. Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition Online Documents : The Gilder Lehrman Center's online document collection contains over individual items, including speeches, letters, cartoons and graphics, interviews, and articles. This page lists the complete collection. This massive influx of southern newcomers had a deep and enduring impact on the city.
The stories of the individuals—those who left lives behind in the South and ventured north in search of opportunity and equality, pushed out by the increasingly hostile environment of Jim Crow racism—reveal the true impact of this Great Migration north Captured in oral history interviews conducted in the s with aging Philadelphians who participated in and witnessed the Great Migration firsthand, these stories tell of both individual lives and collective experiences adapting to a new home in the "City of Brotherly Love.
Herbert Finch Award. Davis served as a leader in local, district, and national leadership bodies of the Communist Party USA and thus concerned himself with a broad range of organizational, political, and theoretical questions. There is news of grassroots organizing successes and failures, minutes from meetings held on all the levels on which Davis engaged, and reports from member-informers on all the major political and theoretical debates.
The Great Migration. The turn of the twentieth century is often referred to as the nadir of race relations in the United States.
Jim Crow laws, lynchings, and other forms of racial violence plagued the southern region of the country. Consequently, the South became a place of economic and racial turmoil, and African Americans were desperate to find some relief. The promise of jobs in northern factories during World War I provided African Americans an opportunity to escape the harsh realities of the South.
Between and , approximately 1.
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This exodus is known as the Great Migration, and was the first phase of an African American migration that would continue until From the Introduction to the edition: With the introduction of this travel guide in , it has been our idea to give the Negro traveler information that will keep him from running into difficulties, embarrassments and to make his trips more enjoyable. The Jewish press has long published information about places that are restricted and there are numerous publications that give the gentile whites all kinds of information.
But during these long years of discrimination, before other guides have been published for the Negro, some are still published, but the majority have gone out of business for various reasons. In the Green Book was only a local publication for Metropolitan New York, the response for copies was so great it was turned into a national issue in to cover the United States. This guide while lacking in many respects was accepted by thousands of travelers. McDowell was the collaborator on Negro Affairs, more valuable information was secured.
With the two working together, this guide contained the best ideas for the Negro traveler. Year after year it grew until Wrote an article about the guide and praised it highly.
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At the present time the guide contains 80 pages and lists numerous business places, including whites which cater to the Negro trade. There are thousands of first class business places that we don't know about and can't list, which would be glad to serve the traveler, but it is hard to secure listings of these places since we can't secure enough agents to send us the information. Each year before we go to press the new information is included in the new edition. When you are traveling please mention the Green Book, in order that they might know how you found their place of business, as they can see that you are strangers.
If they haven't heard about this guide, ask them to get in touch with us so that we might list their place.ignamant.cl/wp-includes/54/1957-como-localizar.php
African American Studies Research Guide: Online Primary Sources
If this guide has proved useful to you on your trips, let us know. If not, tell us also as we appreciate your criticisms and ideas in the improvement of this guide from which you benefit. There will be a day sometime in the near future when this guide will not have to be published. That is when we as a race will have equal opportunities and privileges in the United States. It will be a great day for us to suspend this publication for then we can go wherever we please, and without embarrassment. But until that time comes we shall continue to publish this information for your convenience each year.
Since its inception in , the United States Commission on Civil Rights has been at the forefront of efforts by the Federal Government and state governments to examine and resolve issues related to race, ethnicity, religion and, more recently, sexual orientation. Although the fortunes of the Commission have ebbed and flowed with changes in presidential administrations, the Commission has continued to be a vital part of the effort to build an America that is truly equal.
By providing access to the historical record of this important federal agency, the Thurgood Marshall Law Library will offer scholars an opportunity to examine the efforts of the Commission more closely. Search by title, date, subject, SuDocs numbers, map. Includes 7 pdf reports about Michigan. History Makers. Over , stories assembled from live oral history interviews with 2, historically significant African Americans as of January 17, Founded in July of , the HistoryMakers has grown into the nation's largest African American video oral history archive.
In his iconic speech at the Lincoln Memorial for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, King urged America to "make real the promises of democracy. Ida B. Wells and Anti-Lynching Activism. Wells was a journalist, lecturer, civil rights leader, and the leading activist against lynching during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. During Reconstruction and after, instances of lynching in the US rose dramatically as Southern white communities targeted, threatened, and killed African Americans, often with little or no justification, in an attempt to maintain social, economic, and political power Wells was born in rural Mississippi in the midst of the Civil War.
As a young adult, Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where she became a teacher and soon took a stand against Jim Crow segregation. In , Wells became co-owner and editor of The Free Speech and Headlight newspaper, which she used to speak out against racial injustice. When three of her friends were lynched in retribution for their economic success and a mob of white residents destroyed the office of her newspaper, Wells was forced to leave Memphis, but she continued her anti-lynching activism as a writer, journalist, and lecturer She married racial justice activist and lawyer Ferdinand Barnett in and settled in Chicago, where she became one of the leading members of the Chicago black community and worked on another newspaper, The Conservator.
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Wells-Barnett stepped back from public engagements and travel while she raised her four children, but remained committed to racial justice and ran for Illinois state senator in , though she did not win. The documents and images in this primary source set follow the development of Ida B. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Jacobs used the pseudonym Linda Brent and changed all of names in the book to protect the identity and safety of her family. Incidents soon became one of the most widely read slave narratives written by a woman.
Jacobs used the book to highlight the unique cruelties of slavery experienced by women, including sexual abuse, exploitation, and violence As a teenager and young woman, Jacobs was subjected to violent sexual advances by her married enslaver Dr. James Norcom. To prevent her victimization by Norcom, Jacobs sought out a relationship with another white man, Samuel Tredwell Sawyer, with whom she had two children.
In order to escape and save her children from a future of enslavement, Jacobs ran away by faking her escape to New York. In , Jacobs escaped to the North, where she reunited with her children, became acquainted with abolitionist circles, and eventually wrote her autobiography in her free time outside of her work as a caretaker JFK Library.
In the fall of the college town of Oxford, Mississippi, erupted in violence. At the center of the controversy stood James Meredith, an African American who was attempting to register at the all-white University of Mississippi, known as "Ole Miss. Mississippi's refusal led to a showdown between state and federal authorities and the storming of the campus by a segregationist mob. Two people died and dozens were injured.
In the end, Ole Miss, the state of Mississippi, and the nation were forever changed This site lets visitors witness the events firsthand through the actual letters, recorded telephone conversations, and images of those who made history. Legacy of Slavery in Maryland. This program seeks to preserve and promote the vast universe of experiences that have shaped the lives of Maryland's African American population.
From the day that Mathias de Sousa and Francisco landed in St. Mary's county aboard the Ark and the Dove in , Black Marylanders have made significant contributions to both the state and nation in the political, economic, agricultural, legal, and domestic arenas. Despite what often seemed like insurmountable odds, Marylanders of Color have adapted, evolved, and prevailed.
The Maryland State Archives' Study of the Legacy of Slavery Staff invites researchers to explore all of these elements and more within its numerous source documents, exhibits and interactive online presentations. Courtesy of the Maryland State Archives.
Related African Americans on Historical Posters (African Americans on Historical Documents Book 1)
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